Health and Wellness, Health Issues

Anemia: Definitions, Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Anemia is a rare health condition that occurs due to a lack of healthy red blood cells. When patients do not have proper...

Written by charles aboedingc · 2 min read >

Anemia is a rare health condition that occurs due to a lack of healthy red blood cells. When patients do not have proper red blood cells to boost oxygen level and carry it to other parts of the body. As an outcome, it is normal to feel cold, nausea, tiredness, weakness, mobility issues, etc. There are different types of anaemia symptoms, but the most common symptom is iron deficiency anaemia. Therefore, patients must discuss with doctors and physicians by adding iron compounds to their regular meals in anaemia treatment.

Overview of Anemia

Anemia is a condition where patients feel tired, exhausted, lazy, and weak due to a lack of enough quality red blood cells to lead enough oxygen to other body areas. Patients with anaemia can face a temporary or long-term deficiency of red blood cells. Therefore, it is necessary to visit a doctor if patients suspect that they have anaemia, ranging from mild to severe conditions.

Severe illness can be a warning sign of Anemia, but proper treatments can be taken with the help of high-quality supplement consumption. In addition, you might be able to avoid different types of anaemia symptoms by avoiding stress, including healthy supplements in your daily diet, and having a complete physical workout.

Types of Anemia:

There are multiple kinds of Anemia, but each type can affect the number of red blood cells and drop their circulation levels. Red blood cell levels generally dropped due to the following causes:

  • When your body cannot generate enough haemoglobin.
  • When your body makes haemoglobin but doesn’t assist your body effectively.
  • Your body cannot originate enough red blood cells.
  • When your body generates low red blood cells or breaks down red blood cells effectively.

These causes mentioned above can lead to health conditions to iron deficiency anaemia and sickle cell anaemia situations.

Other types of Anemia are:
  • Aplastic Anemia
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia
  • Sickle Cell
  • Thalassemia
  • Vitamin Deficiency

Symptoms of Anemia

The symptoms and signs of Anemia vary as per different types of Anemia. You may find these underlying health problems in the form of bleeding, cancer, menstrual problems, etc. Patients’ bodies also experience mild to severe pain; other abnormal symptoms are:

  • Fatigue and weight loss.
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • Pale Skin
  • Irregular sleep
  • Imbalanced diet
  • Headache
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Dizziness and Vertigo
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness
  • Leg Cramps
  • Insomnia
Other symptoms caused by Iron Deficiency: People with Anemia suffer from the following problems including:
  • A hunger for waste substances like paper, dirt, cement, this condition is called Pica.
  • Upward curvature of nails, known as Koilonychias
  • Mouth Soreness.

Anaemia caused by Vitamin B12 Deficiency: People with Anemia also suffer from health problems caused by Vitamin B12 deficiency; this may include the following symptoms:

  • A tingling and numbness sensation in hands and feet.
  • Dementia
  • Tightness or stiffness in arms and legs
  • Balance and Gait Issues

Anemia Due to Chronic Lead Poisoning: Chronic Lead Poisoning is another major cause of Anemia

  • Abdominal pain
  • Consciousness
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Muscle Ache

Sickle Cell Anemia: Symptoms of Sickle Cell Anemia include:

  • Delayed in Child’s Growth and Development
  • Joint Dysfunctions, Abdomen and Limbs Pain

Specific Symptoms of Anemia Caused by Red Blood Cell Issues

  • Jaundice (Pale Skin)
  • Brown and Red Colored Urine
  • Seizures
  • Possibilities of Kidney Failure

Anaemia: Diagnosis and Treatment Solutions

To get better anaemia treatment, you should discuss it with your doctor. Doctors will help you understand your medical and health history and offer you the best treatment and diagnosis solutions. In addition, they will perform a physical exam and practice the following examination and tests.

  • CBC – Complete Blood Count.

A CBC examination is performed to count the exact numbers of blood cells. For Anemia, your doctor will examine the levels of red blood cells contained in your hematocrit and levels of haemoglobin.

Ideal hematocrit values in an adult’s body vary between 40-55% for men and 35-50%. Normal values of haemoglobin are generally varied between 14-18 gms. per deciliter and 12-16 gms. per deciliter, respectively for men and women.

  • Running a test to examine the size and value of red blood cells.

Doctors examine red blood cells to determine the shape and size of red blood cells.

Additional Diagnostic Procedures

Once you consult with your doctor, your doctor runs individual and personalized treatment plans to determine the cause. Eventually, it becomes necessary to study and determine a sample of your bone marrow to treat Anemia.

Bottom Line

There are many symptoms like iron deficiency and sickle cell deficiency symptoms that impact patients’ health conditions. If left undiagnosed, these symptoms can cause serious health troubles. In addition, these problems majorly impact children’s health and can delay physical growth and mental development.

In areas with bad resources, Anemia can frequently be affected by infectious diseases. Therefore, treating Anemia is straightforwardly required. However, doctors need a holistic and sophisticated approach to focus on anaemia prevention and treatment.

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